EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDY OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH ALLERGIC RHINITIS IN PAKTIA AND KABUL, AFGHANISTAN
Background: Allergic rhinitis has reached epidemic proportions worldwide and is associated with an increased risk of Sinusitis and Common cold diseases. Hygienic and clean environmental Condition-based lifestyle interventions have been shown to prevent progression to Allergic Rhinitis in patients at high risk. The treatment and prevention of this disease have important characteristics such as long-term treatment course, Regular cleanliness of environment from pollutants substantially difficult financially, the behavior of our society and also takes a lot of money epidemiology of Environmental pollutants in Afghanistan is largely out of from prevention and treatment.
Objective: The aim of this study was the epidemiologic study of Environmental Pollutants express relations with Allergic Rhinitis in adult clients of Paktia city regional hospital and Jamhuriat National Specialized hospital in Kabul city of Afghanistan.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed in adult patients with allergic rhinitis who were referred to these two hospitals in Paktia regional hospital and the Jumhoriat National Specialized hospital from august 2019 to august 2020. All patients who were referred during this period of time were 221 patients with a final diagnosis of allergic rhinitis due to Couse of environmental pollutants were included in the study. After collecting and encoding important information’s about this phenomenon, we entered it into the computer and analyzed it.
Results: According to the findings of this study the prevalence of A.R in male were 75.56% in female were 24.44%, current findings showed 48.7%of all patients involved induce with E.P, A.R disease, especially result as air pollutions 58%, dust 23%.
Conclusions: The study showed the A.R higher in the male than in the female population, and the highest incidence of A.R, as a result, was causing by E.P, because of poor climate, an impossible lifestyle environment, low-quality health services conditions in Afghanistan may contribute to higher morbidity.